Stewardship means using nature for human flourishing rather than preserving it in a museum, but it also implies a fine appreciation of the constraints implicit in ecosystems where human life exists –Paul B. Thompson, The Agrarian Vision: Sustainability and Environmental Ethics
Southeast Michigan has experienced the second coldest February in recorded history! I’m fairly cold tolerant myself, but even I have limits.
If you can’t get outside, even when the weather is more amenable (like today, I think it was 44F), try reading. Turn off the TV, power down the computer, the phone, and engage your imagination.
Before children, I read voraciously. That has since slowed down. A. Lot. Still, somehow, I can read at least ten books a year.
I recently came across this article which lays out a plan to finish a book a week. It’s ambitious, but do-able with discipline. I’m achieving about 75% success with it. See what you think.
So yes, the sap should be running soon, the daylight is increasing (Ugh, Daylight Savings Time started today), and the average temperature is eking upwards, but you still might find time to read by a fire or the old forced-air furnace.
I did this a little over a year ago, and am repeating the challenge: briefly review some books that fit the blog’s theme and am encouraging you to read them or find some others and report back.
At first glance, Paul Mariani’s biography of Jesuit priest and poet Gerard Manley Hopkins might appear out of place, but Hopkins brilliantly melded his Christianity with many poems about nature. Mariani, a poet himself, examines Hopkins’ emotional and spiritual landscapes as well as the natural landscapes that inspired much of the poetry in Gerard Manley Hopkins: A Life. All of Hopkins’ life was lived in very anti-Catholic, very Victorian Britain. If biography isn’t for you, I highly recommend his poetry.
Wes Jackson, of the Land Institute, has a 100-year goal: to get food crops to mimic the perennial nature of the prairie.
The point of this is to preserve the soil, without which we won’t have many plants. Additionally, he wants farming to go back to the more natural model of polyculture versus our industrial monoculture that is easy prey to pests, disease, and genetic die-off.
Jackson claims to be about 50 years into his plan. Obviously, the institute will have to carry on after him. It’s an uphill battle, as industrial agriculture has the mountain lion’s share of money and is firmly ensconced in our political culture.
New Roots for Agriculture isn’t a dry book about Ag techniques; it’s about his labor of love. He quotes the first director of the Soil Conservation District (in the country?) by saying that the “land must be loved to be protected. To him the plain truth was that ‘Americans as a people, have never learned to love the land and to regard it as an enduring resource.'”
The CAFO Reader: The Tragedy of Industrial Animal Factories, edited by Daniel Imhoff, has been quoted in an earlier post and to reiterate briefly, the essays look at the costs associated with our current meat and animal byproduct method of “farming.”
The various authors, only a few of whom are shrill, calmly examine the energy, health, environmental, social, and even spiritual costs we incur from this endemic system.
Next up, a 25th anniversary edition (2004) of Donald Worster’s history of Dust Bowl: The Southern Plains in the 1930s. I had seen parts of Ken Burns’ PBS documentary of a similar name, but when it aired, for whatever reason, it didn’t grab me.
Worster manages to make the details lively and includes plenty of oral history. Considering he was interviewing people who lived through it in the 70s, his history seems fresher than Burns’ 30+ years later.
Of course, the ecological causes and effects are delved into, but Worster doesn’t shy away from squarely bringing the blame to American culture:
The culture of modern, western man rests on the belief that he is autonomous in nature. He is confident that he is a sovereign creature, independent of the restraints that plague other species–not controlled as they are, but in control [emphasis mine–SFM]. That has not been the view of most people in world history.
Included in the volume are quite a few photographs from WPA photographers and others of the period that help to concretize Worster’s prose.
Perhaps most shocking–I didn’t see it in the Burns’ show–was that the Dust Bowl returned to the region two more times!–in the 50s and the 70s. For much the same reasons–industrialized agriculture–in an ecosystem that rejects that kind of farming.
Lastly, I finished The Agrarian Vision: Sustainability and Environmental Ethics most recently, on 28 February to be pedantic. Paul B. Thompson attempts a philosophy of farming. He succeeds–partially.
I enjoyed about the first two-thirds of the chapters, but then it bogged down in defining sustainability. The author explains why it’s tricky (think about it–what exactly is meant by the term?) and even apologizes for creating previous material on the subject that was dull, but slogs on anyway.
In the end, he pushes for a hybrid of Jeffersonian and other thinkers’ agrarianism. I could see a place for religion in his argument, but he only mentions it near the end.
Most of the titles in this series (the University of Kentucky’s Culture of the Land) have been excellent. This one? Not so much, but if you enjoy philosophy this might make for something different.
So, did you read anything of note this winter that was ecology-related? Leave a comment and tell us if it was worthwhile or not.
See you in April!